The Market for Teacher Voice

The Market for Teacher Voice

by Allie Kimmel

The teachers unions are under attack — and not just from Scott Walker. In a recent white paper, Mitt Romney blamed the unions for gridlock and stagnation in American education. In the public discourse, films such as Waiting for Superman vilify union leaders and frame the unions as enemies of education reform. It’s fair to say even President Obama and the unions have a rocky relationship, as the administration has supported initiatives that unions have long opposed, such as charter schools and tenure reform. Public dissatisfaction with the unions is mounting, and the ways in which teachers and the groups that represent them respond will shape the profession for years to come.

In addition to attacks from politicians, media, and the public, some teachers have also voiced criticism of their unions. Unsatisfied teachers can respond in one of two ways:

1. Teachers can leave their union. Though they may still need to pay union dues in states without “right to work” laws, teachers are not forced to be union members. This trend has certainly begun, as the NEA has recently lost 100,000 members. Of course, losing 100,000 bodies for the 3.2 million member powerhouse isn’t that big of a deal. But this news has certainly riled up the NEA, and rightfully so. Losing members means losing money — $27 million to be exact — and that’s money that can’t be used for staff benefits or to reelect Barack Obama.

2. Teachers can change their unions. Teachers can become more involved in union activities and voice their opinions in union decisions. Teachers can also try to change their unions’ structures by becoming more involved as leaders themselves. For example, teachers in Boston recognized that union rules, including the location and timing of union elections, made it difficult for teachers to vote. In response, they mounted a campaign for mail-in ballots called BTU votes that represented a huge step forward for teacher organizing and advocacy.

As evidence of these trends, new organizations have emerged to ensure teachers have a place at the policy table. Teach Plus and Educators 4 Excellence (E4E) are smaller, more streamlined “teacher voice” organizations. For example, Teach Plus empowers current classroom teachers to impact policy, growing from a network of 16 teachers to over 8,000 in just four years. E4E emphasizes grassroots organizing and mobilizes teachers to change policies at the school, district, and state levels.

These organizations don’t claim to speak for all teachers. Educators for Excellence uses a declaration of principles to recruit teachers in the “rational middle.” Teach Plus asks teachers to sign a pledge, but targets teachers who identify as “solutions-oriented.” Previous Teach Plus fellows have impacted policies such as removing “last in, first out” provisions and created staffing models to place the best teachers where they’re needed the most. These organizations only exist in a few cities. But for the teachers that participate, these organizations serve as an effective outlet for voicing their opinions in policy discussions.

As new organizations in the advocacy space, they could also work with the unions and challenge them to become more reform-minded. In Massachusetts, Massachusetts Teachers Association (MTA) President Paul Toner recognized that if the MTA didn’t act, reform would be done to them, not with them. As Toner mentioned in a 2010 campaign speech, “We have to be the architects of reform, rather than the subject of it.” The MTA took the lead in developing a new teacher evaluation system, taking into account student test scores, an idea that unions had traditionally opposed.

Don’t get me wrong, the unions are still powerful — and they aren’t going away any time soon. Unions still hold a monopoly in funding political organizations and securing valuable collective bargaining rights. But as for representing the interests of teachers in policy discussions, new organizations have emerged to involve teachers as leaders in reforming and creating policies that will change the profession. With this, they are challenging the unions to become more reform-minded, and incrementally improving the market for “teacher voice” in policy decisions.

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To Jumpstart the Economy, Look to Our Youth

To Jumpstart the Economy, Look to Our Youth

by Gerald Chertavian

They say that a mind is a terrible thing to waste. Nowadays, though, 6.7 million young adults in this country are out of school and at best marginally employed. And although the rhetoric on the campaign trail would make us think otherwise, our squandering of our most vital national resource is a far graver threat to our economy than outsourcing. The diminished standing of our workforce is undoubtedly more pernicious to this country than cheap labor abroad.

Businesses are no longer receiving the cost savings from outsourcing that they once did. Indeed, fewer than 300,000 jobs per year are projected to be lost to foreign competition in the years to come. What we do observe from employers leaving our shores, though, is a belief that foreign workers are more motivated and better prepared for the work, especially for entry level roles. An errant point of view has taken hold in the public and corporate spheres: that America’s young people, especially those who grew up on the wrong side of the Opportunity Divide, are not assets to our economy but liabilities, ill-suited for the work demanded of them and not worthy of investment.

Nothing could be further from the truth. At Year Up, our students — low income 18-24 year olds — come to us having already faced substantial obstacles in life. They are not in search of a handout; what they want most of all is the ability to take ownership of their own futures. All they ‘re looking for is an opportunity: a chance to learn the skills America’s employers are demanding and then prove just how smart and motivated they are.

Ky Smith was one of those students. When he enrolled at Year Up in Baltimore, he was out of school and working two restaurant jobs. Nowadays, he’s a full time IT Network Technician at Radio One. Last month, he stood on stage with President Clinton at the opening of the Clinton Global Initiative America meeting, and told an audience of policy makers, CEO’s, and thought leaders that he was now writing his own story, one not constrained by the zip code he was born in.

At Year Up, we have helped thousands of students rise from poverty into a professional career in a single year. It’s not a fluke — since 2000, we have scaled from 22 students in one city into a national organization with 1,500 students and 250 corporate partners. Our graduates earn an average of $15 per hour, or about $30,000 per year for those in salaried positions. Last year, a third party randomized control trial found that Year Up participants out-earned those in a control group by 30%.

Ky and the rest of Year Up’s 3,500 alumni are proving every day what our young adults are capable of when given the chance, and are living proof that the American Dream is still alive when we equip our young people with relevant training and connections to the professional world.

What’s more, these young adults are filling a real business need. Leading tech firms like LinkedIn, Salesforce and Microsoft, and leading financial institutions like State Street, JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo have come to rely on our interns as a pipeline of entry level talent that is smart, flexible, and motivated. Companies like these use our interns to fill positions that are in high demand, and that’s why they invest so heavily in their partnerships with us — in fact, corporate contributions cover more than half of our operating cost. When it comes to expanding opportunity, businesses and young adults are not the sources of the problem — they are a substantial part of the solution.

We as a country need to embrace that perspective, and fast. Over the next five years, those 6.7 million young adults will cost taxpayers $437 billion in public expenses and lost tax revenue, and over the course of their lifetime will have a negative $4.7 trillion impact on the economy. Meanwhile, by conservative estimates, American businesses are sitting on $1 trillion in cash and are unable to fill well over 3 million jobs. By the end of this decade, we will face a structural shortage of millions more skilled workers. Reversing these numbers can unleash a wave of prosperity that will power us through the next several decades and raise millions of people out of poverty.

Our goal should be to build the most highly skilled populace in the world, the kind that will fill jobs that cannot be outsourced and will keep America’s companies at the forefront of the global economy.

Investing in our youth is not just a matter of economic justice. It’s good business sense.